Anaphylaxis, also commonly known as anaphylactic shock, is a potentially fatal allergic reaction that could occur within a few minutes of being exposed to a triggering substance. The condition is treated by injecting adrenaline into the affected individual with an epinephrine auto-injector.
How Adrenaline Auto-injectors Work
These injectors contain adrenaline as the active ingredient. Your adrenal glands naturally produce hormones to combat excessive levels of cortisol whenever your body is in a high state of stress. It efficiently prepares your body for heightened energy exertion to manage potentially fatal situations, such as an anaphylactic reaction.An individual with the condition experiences the following symptoms:
- Throat tightness due to swelling
- Facial and tongue swelling
- Breathing difficulties
- Persistent coughing or wheezing
- Difficulty in speaking or a hoarse voice
- Falling unconscious or collapsing
- Becoming floppy or pale — in younger children
- Significant skin flushing, welts, and hives
- Vomiting and stomach pain
Applying adrenaline auto-injectors to the patient reverses these symptoms by influencing the body’s beta and alpha receptors. It effectively stimulates the alpha receptors to halt the blood pressure from dipping too low.
Adrenaline also eases tightness of the throat by leveraging the beta receptors, located in the lungs and heart. It relaxes and opens up the airways so that the affected individual could breathe properly.
Key Things to Remember
As soon as you notice person experiencing the symptoms mentioned above, make sure there’s someone else who can administer the adrenaline auto-injector. The best spot to inject is your thigh’s outer-mid portion, and NEVER into your veins, hands, fingers, feet, or toes. A reputable pharmacy of first aid supplies in Adelaide strongly suggests that you should always take note of your injector’s expiration date so that you could replace it as needed. After administering the adrenaline, you need to seek emergency treatment right away.